Hydroponics and aquaponics are terms you hear quite often, but you were never interested in finding out what exactly they mean. You know that plants grow in soil and you’re more than happy to do things the classic way.
Since aquaponics comes with a quite large array of benefits, however, you should definitely give it a chance or at least learn about it, so you’re not silent the next time someone’s talking about this topic.
Aquaponics is basically a win-win situation. Perhaps we have to clarify that: aquaponics is, to some extent, an ecosystem. You grow plants by hanging them in a channel over a water tank or aquarium with fish, snails, eels, etc.
The excrements of these creatures are released into the water. Various bacteria nitrify those excrements and release nutrients that are absorbed by the roots of the plants. The aquaponics definition is really that simple.
In terms of size, an aquaponic system can be small or industrial (aka huge). As we mentioned previously, aquaponics offers some perks that no farmer can overlook.
If aquaponics didn’t make the farmers’ work any easier, you can rest assured it would’ve disappeared pretty quickly. Fortunately, more and more people shift to aquaponics from organic farming.
Here are some of the advantages of using fish tank aquaponics:
As with any other method of farming, you’ve got to learn as much as possible about aquaponics, too. Getting started with this can be as simple as putting a tray with plants over your aquarium.
Many farmers resort to purchasing “bottled” bacteria for aquaponics. While there’s nothing wrong with that, you don’t have to pay for nitrifying bacteria – you just have to create the right conditions.
Even though you can’t see them, they’re everywhere around you. Once you have your fish and plants, you can get things started. Some people add water from other systems in order to get the bacteria at work.
Others add a few drops of urine in the aquarium. Given that it contains ammonia, the bacteria will promptly start doing their job, i.e. transforming that ammonia into nitrates.
Adding natural ammonia can help to start your aquaponics system, as well. Just make sure it’s not the kind of ammonia you can buy at the supermarket. That isn’t natural and has all sorts of chemicals that can easily kill both the bacteria and the fish.
An aquaponic system is comprised of:
Alright, these are the parts of an aquaponic system, but they’re the least important, or less important than the live components, which do all the work anyway.
Without plants, your aquaponic system would be an aquarium with a grow bed on top of it. You can cultivate pretty much any type of plant you want in an aquaponic system. The options are virtually endless.
Even though fish is the most commonly used water creature, others can be thrown in the aquarium – snails, for example.
The excretions of the fish are released into the water. Since these have high concentrations of ammonia (which is toxic to plants), nitrifying bacteria start to break it down and transform into the nitrates that plants love so much.
The bacteria are the most indispensable live component of an aquaponic system. Without them, your plants will die in a matter of days. Your fish, too, would die due to the high toxicity of the ammonia.
The best way of making sure there are enough bacteria in your fish tank is to pour some water from another aquaponic system in yours. If this is out of the question, a dead fish could have the very same effect. Just don’t let it rot in there.
Bacteria know what they like and when your fish tank will have that, you can rest assured there will be enough of them to break the ammonia properly.
Aquaponics is a fascinating and easy way of growing plants and vegetables without getting your hands dirty. It’s not for everybody, obviously, but those who are willing to clean the water in the fish tank every so often will reap all the benefits.
Some say aquaponics is more difficult than hydroponics and they’re partially right because, in the case of hydroponics, you don’t have to perform as much cleaning as you do when you have an aquaponics system.
That, however, is a very small price to pay for some rich vegetable and plant cultures. Hopefully, you’ll give this method a try, to see if it makes sense for you to shift or not.